Op art uses optical illusions to create visually stimulating images. It emerged in the 1950s as an offshoot of the Constructivist and Bauhaus movements. The term Op Art was coined in 1964 by art critic Lawrence Alloway and has since become a popular art form. Op Art uses simple shapes, lines, and colors to create complex optical illusions that appear to move or change when viewed from different angles. The style has been applied to various media, including painting, sculpture, photography, and digital art. Op Art developed out of the Bauhaus school’s focus on geometric forms and the Constructivist movement’s interest in creating art from industrial materials. Artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley are credited with developing the style. Their work, as well as that of other Op Art practitioners, was influential in the 1960s and 1970s and is still seen today in advertising, product design, and fashion.
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