fbpx
Now Reading
The 50 Most Influential Female Artists of the Past 100 years

The 50 Most Influential Female Artists of the Past 100 years

Kaeley Boyle
https://www.instagram.com/p/CBwBY3QIVei/https://www.instagram.com/p/CB3qe7dg6pD/

Recognize these female artists? If you don’t know ’em, you should

Female artists have been kept from gallery shows, museums and the history books. Here at Artistic Fuel, we want to take a moment to celebrate these powerhouse women. From painters, sculptors and photographers to video, performance and installation artists — here’s a list of the most influential female artists of the last hundred years.

This would be one hell of a dinner party. (See what I did there?)

Anni Albers

B. 1899 in Berlin, Germany

One of the founding members of “Black Mountain College”, Anni Albers helped shape the landscape of our current interdisciplinary art world. In 1949 Albers became the first textile artist to have a solo show at MOMA.

Marina Abramovic

B. 1946 in Belgrade, Serbia

You either love her or hate her. Marina Abramovic is a divisive figure in the art world – but you can’t argue her role in performance art history.

Laurie Anderson

B. 1947 in Glen Ellyn, IL

Chalkroom, Virtual Reality (2017)
© Laurie Anderson and Hsin-Chien Huang, Courtesy Sesc SP
via dreamideamachine.com

Laurie Anderson does a little bit of everything. She’s a composer, musician, visual artist and film director. Anderson combines performance, pop music and visual imagery to set the stage for unforgettable artwork.

Janine Antoni

B. 1964 in Freeport, Bahamas

Lick and Lather (1993–94), Chocolate
© Janine Antoni; photo: Ben Blackwell
via sfmoma.org

Janine Antoni’s work spans – performance, photography and sculpture. Antoni uses her body as both a tool to sculpt and as the subject of her work.

Lynda Benglis

B. 1941 in Lake Charles, LA

Elephant Necklace, 14 of 20, (2017), Cast Bronze
Photo Pace Gallery © Lynda Benglis
via pacegallery.com

Lynda Benglis came to prominence during the 1960’s with sculptures that defied the perceived characteristics of their material. When abstract art was at its height – she took to process art and minimalism to tell her story.

Louise Bourgeois

B. 1911 in Paris, France

Louise Bourgeois is best known for her large scale sculpture and installations. Her work delves into themes surrounding domesticity, family, sexuality and death.

Cecily Brown

B. 1969 in England

Cecily Brown explores gendered power dynamics through her paintings combining figuration with complete abstraction.

Judy Chicago

B. 1929 in Chicago, IL

Dinner Party (1974-1979)
© Judy Chicago. (Photo: Donald Woodman)
via brookylynmuseum.org

Judy Chicago is best known for her work shown above, Dinner Party, which is largely recognized as the first monumental installation of feminist artwork. The piece consists of 39 place-settings on a triangular table (48ft each side) set for mythical and historical women.

Mona Hatoum

B. 1952 in Beirut, Lebanon

Mona Hatoum is a multi-media artist who explores politics, gender and the confines of domestic space.

Frida Kahlo

B. 1907 in Mexico City, Mexico

One of the most well known artists of the 20th century, much of Kahlo’s work can be linked back to a horrible bus accident in 1925. During her time bedridden, Kahlo took to painting to pass the time.

Elaine De Kooning

B. 1918 in Brooklyn, NY

Elaine De Kooning was one of the early participants in the Abstract Expressionist movement. Her presidential portrait of JFK hangs in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington DC.

Marlene Dumas

B. 1953 in Cape Town, South Africa

Marlene Dumas works in a range of media with most of the imagery defined as poraiture. Dumas’s portraits aren’t traditional, but rather meant to capture an emotional state of mind.

View this post on Instagram

#marlenedumas #chlorosis #lovesick #1994 #moma #nyc

A post shared by Daniel Tobin (@fiercekanga) on

Janet Echelman

B. 1966 in Tampa, FL

Janet Echelman is the foremost public artist in the world. Her work, often the size of skyscrapers, reshapes urban airspace and responds to environmental forces.

Tracey Emin

B. 1963 in Croydon, England

Tracey Emin is a conceptual artist that works in a range of media. Her work, My Bed, took the contents of her bed, sheets, rug, side table and other materials (after a particularly bad break up) and decided it was art. Emin packed it up, and showed it at the Tuner Prize exhibition in 1999.

Helen Frankenthaler

B. 1928 in Manhattan, NY

Helen Frankenthaler is the queen of abstract expressionism.

Guerilla Girls

Founded in 1985

You’re seeing less than half the picture… (from the series “Guerrilla Girls Talk Back: The First Five Years, 1985–1990”), 1989; Photolithograph on paper, 17 x 22 in.; NMWA, Gift of Steven Scott, Baltimore, in honor of Wilhelmina Cole Holladay © Guerilla Girls
via nmnw.org

The Guerilla Girls is an anonymous group of female artists whose work is aimed at calling out the hypocrisy of the art world establishment.

Katharina Grosse

B. 1961 in Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany

Katharina Grosse uses architecture, painting and sculpture to create immersive site specific installations. Grosse’s work addresses space and our relationship to it.

Ann Hamilton

B. 1956 in Lima, OH

The event of a thread (2013)
Photo by flickr user AFS-USA Intercultural Programs
via arts.gov

Ann Hamilton’s works are site responsive and performative in nature – working with common materials and implicating the viewer in the art. Hamilton’s ephemeral, immersive works address communities of labor.

Barbara Hepworth

B. 1903 in Wakefield, England

Barbara Hepworth is a modernist sculptor that gained notoriety for her pierced sculptures which aimed to achieve a balance between space and form.

Eva Hesse

B. 1936 in Hamburg, Germany

Contingent (1969) cheesecloth, latex, fibreglass 
Purchased 1973 by National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
Courtesy the Estate of Eva Hesse, Galerie Hauser & Wirth, Zürich
via nga.gov.au

Eva Hesse created sculptural installations composed of textiles, latex, and fiberglass. Hesse is one of the founders of the post-minimalism era, she rejected the common standard within her era to do with form and spatial relations. Hesse died at 34 from a brain tumor – thought to be linked to her use of hazardous materials in her studio.

Jenny Holzer

B. 1950 in Gallipolis, OH

Jenny Holzer is a neo-conceptual artist whose work focuses on the delivery of words and ideas in public spaces.

Lee Krasner

B. 1908 in Brooklyn, NY

Lee Krasner was a abstraction expressionist artist who had a strong affinity for collage in her work. Krasner would cut up old paintings and combine them back together in new and more interesting configurations.

View this post on Instagram

Lenore "Lee" Krasner ( 27 October 1908 – 19 June 1984) was a painter and collagist (?) and the wife of Jackson Pollock.  Her and jacky boy actually did a lot together and were influential in eachother's work, but Lenore is rarely remembered, and is overshadowed by her husband.  She is identified as an abstract expressionist.  She was a perfectionist and very self-critical, and would often revise or entirely  D e s t r o y  her artwork (kinda like Beethoven lmao) and so she doesn't have that many surviving artworks.  She would also commonly cut her own drawings and paintings up for her collage work.  She never adopted a consistent style, instead opting to keep things spicy, but she did often keep a similar rhythm, texture, gestural style, and depiction of organic imagery.  She didn't really like to talk about the iconography in her work, instead stressing how she *felt* whilst making the art (this was common for the art movement goin' on at the time).  She had a few series: "grey slab paintings" , little images, early collage images, earth green series, umber series, primary series, and then,,,, apparently whatever the hell she did from the 70s to her death in '84 ??? lmao wikipedia isn't clear. Wikipedia also states : " Krasner struggled with the public's reception of her identity, both as a woman and as Pollock's wife. When they both exhibited in a show called "Artists: Man and Wife" in 1949, an ARTnews reviewer stated: "There is a tendency among some of these wives to 'tidy up' their husband's styles. Lee Krasner (Mrs. Jackson Pollock) takes her husband's paint and enamels and changes his unrestrained, sweeping lines into neat little squares and triangles." Even after the rise of feminism in the 1960s and 1970s, Krasner's artistic career was always put into relation to Pollock … " . by the way her and jackson's relationship seemed very uwu cottagecore and it makes me very happy,,, but,,, later he was an alcoholic and began an extramarital affair 👁👄👁 . She was also Jewish !!  She was raised Orthodox Jewish but she was a feminist and became critical of the misogyny in said religion.  Later in her life, she still identified as such, but did not practice it

A post shared by Left Out History (@left.out.history) on

Barbara Kruger

B. 1945 in Newark, NJ

Barbara Kruger is a conceptual artist and collagist. Kruger’s work pulls from her background as a graphic designer. Her bold work includes strong typeface, striking color and imagery to engage the viewer in a political conversation.

Yayoi Kusama

B. 1929 in Matsumoto, Nagano, Japan

Yayoi Kusama addresses themes surrounding mental health, gender and sexuality. When she came to America in the 1958 during the height of abstract expressionism she turned instead to performance – pushing the boundaries of what female artists could create. Years later, worrying about her own mental health, Kusama returned to Japan and checked into a mental health facility – where she has lived since. Kusama’s six decade long career has developed her into arguably the most influential artist of the 20th and 21st century.

Zoe Leonard

B. 1961 in Liberty, NY

Zoe Leonard is a photographer and sculptor working primarily within the themes of gender, sexuality, loss and displacement.

Maya Lin

B. 1959 in Athens, OH

Maya Lin is a sculptor and land work artist whose art addresses landscape and the environment. Lin’s work try’s to find a balance in landscape – a respect for nature rather than a dominance of it.

Liza Lou

B. 1969 in NY, NY

Liza Lou came to prominence with her work, Kitchen, a 168 sq ft. installation covered completely in millions of glass beads. The full size replica took five years to create.

Sally Mann

B. 1951 in Lexington, VA

Sally Mann creates large format photography often her own children as the subject matter. Her work addresses family, loss, and identity.

Ana Mendieta

B. 1948 in Havana, Cuba

Ana Mendieta’s work spans performance, painting, photography, sculpture and video art. Her “earth-work” series addresses themes of place, violence, feminism and belonging.

Marilyn Minter

B. 1948 in Shreveport, LA

Marilyn Minter’s work is sensual and evocative. Working in painting and photography, Minter’s slick photorealistic surfaces blur the line between commercial and fine art.

Wangechi Mutu

B. 1972 in Nairobi, Kenya

Wangechi Mutu’s work spans painting, sculpture, film, and performance. Mutu addresses gender, race and colonialism throughout her body of work.

Georgia O’Keefe

B. 1887 in Sun Prairie, WI

Grey Lines with Black, Blue and Yellow (1923) Oil on canvas. 48 × 30 inches. Museum of Fine Arts, Houston.
© Georgia O’Keeffe Museum / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.
via brooklynrail.org

Georgia O’Keefe is the mother of American Modernism. In 1977, she received the National Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award.

Yoko Ono

B. 1933 in Tokyo, Japan

Yoko Ono is a conceptual artists and member of the fluxus group in the 60’s and 70’s. Ono is most known in the visual arts as a performance artist and filmmaker. Her work is often political in nature and uses the viewer as a participant in the completion of her work.

Judy Pfaff

B. 1946 in London, England

Judy Pfaff is known for her installation art and sculptures. Her works are intricate and expansive. Pfaff uses non traditional materials to create a web of color, line and form that is dizzying and just plain stunning.

Bridget Riley

B. 1931 in London, England

Bridget Riley is the mother of “op art” or optical illusion art. Her work is sensational in its effect on the viewer – creating a sense of unease.

Pipilotti Rist

B. 1962 in Grabs, Switzerland

Pipilotti Rist is a video and installation artist who creates colorful and immersive environments that push the boundaries of video, sculpture and installation art.

Mika Rottenberg

B. 1976 in Buenos Aires, Argentina

Mika Rottenberg is a surrealist video and installation artist whose work explores the link between the female body and production mechanisms.

Jenny Saville

B. 1970 in Cambridge, England

Jenny Saville’s large scale figural paintings challenge the depiction of the female nude in artwork and brought figure based artwork into the contemporary conversation.

View this post on Instagram

A new #JennySaville book. The plates are incredible.

A post shared by 🌈 (@roygbiv4ever) on

Miriam Schapiro

B. 1923 in Toronto, Canada

Miriam Schapiro was a painter, sculptor and printmaker whose work blurred lines between fine art and craft.

Carolee Schneemann

B. 1939 in Fox Chase, PA

Carolee Schneeman was multimedia artists whose work addressed topics surrounding the body, sexuality and gender. Schneeman started her career as a painter but became disinterested in the work being created by her male counterparts, she turned to performance based artwork.

Cindy Sherman

B. 1954 in Glen Ridge, NJ

Cindy Sherman is a photographer that uses makeup and costuming to create a myriad of personas that question our perception of self, wealth and identity. Almost all of Sherman’s work is self portraiture.

Amy Sillman

B. 1955 in Detroit, MI

Amy Sillman is an interdisciplinary artist who uses painting, drawings, cartoons, collage, iPhone video, and zines. Sillman’s work spans abstract art to representational. Her work uses humor to critique our psychological space and address feminism.

Kiki Smith

B. 1954 in Nuremberg, Germany

Kiki Smith is a multi-media artist whose work spans topics from birth and regeneration, Aids and gender to the human condition and its relationship to nature.

Jessica Stockholder

B. 1959 in Seattle, WA

Vortex in the Play of Theatre with Real Passion (2000). Duplo, theatre curtain, work site containers, bench, theatre light, linoleum, tables, fur, newspaper, fabric, and paint.
Photo Courtesy the artist and University of Chicago Department of Visual Arts – Via art 21 magazine

Jessica Stockholder is a sculpture and installation artist whose work questions the distinctions between – sculpture, painting and the environment.

Sarah Sze

B. 1969 in Boston, MA

Sarah Sze grew up in a family of architects – and you can tell when you look at her work. Sze addresses technology and informations role in contemporary society through sculpture and installation.

Diana Thater

B. 1962 in San Francisco, CA

Diana Thater is a video and installation artist who addresses the environment, extinction and our relationship to it through immersive video installations.

Mickalene Thomas

B. 1971 in Camden, NJ

Mickalene Thomas is a painter and collagist whose mixed media paintings address issues of femininity, race, and beauty.

Kara Walker

B. 1969 in Stockton, CA

Kara Walker is painter, printmaker, installation and video artist – who explores race, gender, sexuality, violence, and identity in her work.

Francesca Woodman

B. 1958 in Manhattan, NY

Space2 (Providence, Rhode Island, 1977). Gelatin silver print. 4 11/16 x 4 11/16 in. (11.9 x 11.9 cm).
Courtesy George and Betty Woodman. © George and Betty Woodman Via the Paris Review

Francesca Woodman was a shooting star. The artist died from suicide at only 22. Woodman’s photographs are iconic and pushed every boundary to do with the role of photography as a medium.

Andrea Zittel

B. 1965 in Escondido, Ca

Andrea Zittel is a sculptor, installation and social practice artist whose work questions our notions of society in relationship to architecture, space and home.

View Comment (1)
  • Goes without saying that your wordcraft is outstanding. As a person with a rear-facing last name I scrolled to Zittel (lonely, back there on the end of the a-bet) and went in thru the out door. Albers had to wait, karma. Honestlythough, it was almost too much, these hundred women, painful and glorious to be human.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

© 2020 ARTISTIC FUEL LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.