These Churches of Barcelona are Architectural Marvels

A famous church is synonymous with magnificent architectural beauty and remarkable history. We selected ten churches of Barcelona for you because they’re historically significant, culturally influential, or architecturally impressive.

Sagrada Familia Church

The Sagrada Familia is a Catholic church in the city of Barcelona, Spain. It was designed by Antoni Gaudí (1852-1926) and built between 1882 and 1926. The construction began on June 16, 1882, and took more than 100 years to complete.

The project was inspired by the Book of Genesis, particularly the story of Adam and Eve. The building consists of eighteen chapels arranged around an ample open space inside the city’s walls. The façade of each chapel is unique, and some are larger than others. The main entrance faces north toward the Plaza de España, while another door faces south toward Placa Reial Major. The interior houses several works of art, including stained glass windows, sculptures, and paintings.

The Sagrada Familia has become one of Barcelona’s most popular tourist attractions, drawing over six million visitors annually. In 2012, UNESCO added the Sagrada Familia to its list of World Heritage Sites.

Santa Maria del Mar

Santa Maria del Mar is an ancient Roman Catholic basilica in the Gothic Quarter of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Construction of the present building started in the 14th century but was completed in 1515. Its name comes from the sea that surrounds the area.

It is considered the first example of Catalan Gothic architecture. The facade is decorated with three portals: one facing the sea, one towards the old town, and one towards the new town. Inside there are two naves separated by columns and arches. The ceiling is covered with wooden beams and painted azulejos tiles.

In the crypt, there are remains of Roman sarcophagi and other artifacts. The oldest part of the building is the Romanesque bell tower, which dates back to the 11th century.

Església de Sant Pau i San Pablo

Església de Sant Pere Màrtir d’es Born is a church in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, dedicated to St Peter and St Paul. It is one of the largest parish churches in Europe. It was designed by Lluís Domènech I Montaner (1770–1836), who also designed the Palau de la Generalitat de Catalunya and the Església de Santa Eulàlia.

Construction began in 1785 and ended in 1809. The church was consecrated in 1814. It was declared a National Monument in 1931.

The beautiful church is divided into three sections: the central, lateral, and apse. The main section is flanked by four towers and contains the high altar. The lateral areas include the side altars. A gallery surrounds the apse.

The exterior is neoclassical, while the interior is neo-Gothic. The dome comprises five concentric rings, and a cross crowns the cupola.

Catalonia describes the church as “the most beautiful expression of Baroque style” in Catalonia.

La Seu Vella

La Seu Vella is a former cathedral dating back to the 13th century. It became a mosque during the Islamic rule after the Christian Reconquista. In 1714, Pope Clement XI made it a cathedral again according to the Catholic faith.

The current structure was built between 1601 and 1606 under architect Francesc Berenguer el Granot. It is one of Barcelona’s best examples of Renaissance architecture.

The beautiful cathedral is divided into three parts: a single nave, the transept, and the choir. Eight pillars support the nave, and the roof is covered with barrel vaults. Two chapels flank the transept. A ribbed vaulted ceiling encloses the choir.

The main façade faces the Plaça Major square and is adorned with statues of saints. The portal on the left is decorated with sculptures depicting scenes from the life of Jesus Christ. On the right is a statue of Saint Christopher carrying his child.

The interior is richly decorated with gilded woodwork, paintings, and stained glass windows. There are more than 200 works of art inside.

The cathedral is home to the Museu Diocesà de Les Arts Decoratives, which houses collections of religious objects used for daily worship. 

Iglesia de la Encarnación

Iglesia de la Encarnaçao is a religious building in Barcelona, Catalonia, and north-eastern Spain. It is a Spanish national monument of historical significance. It was constructed between 1581 and 1603.

It is located at the intersection of Carrer del Bisbe and Carrer de l’Encarnacó. The facade is decorated with an ornate coat of arms. The entrance door is framed by pilasters and topped by a pediment.

Inside, the church is divided into three naves. The first nave is separated from the second by a large wooden screen. The third nave is divided into two sections by a stone balustrade.

The church is decorated with stuccowork, paintings, and sculptures. The pulpit is carved out of marble, and the organ dates from 1750.

In addition to its architectural interest, the church is notable for being the burial place of Antoni Gaudí I Cornet (1852–1926), who designed many buildings in Barcelona, including La Sagrada Familia.

Catedral Basílica de Santa Eulalia

Catedral Basílica de Santa Eulalia is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Barcelona, Catalonia, northeast Spain. It is the seat of the Archbishopric of Barcelona.

Construction began in 1875 but was halted due to financial difficulties. Construction resumed in 1902, and the church was consecrated in 1908.

The church is dedicated to St. Eulalia of Barcelona, a 3rd-century martyr. She was executed around 304 AD because she refused to renounce her Christianity.

The church is located at the corner of Passeig de Sant Joan and Carrer d’Espanya. Its exterior is characterized by Romanesque style. The bell tower has a pyramidal shape.

The interior is decorated with murals painted by Josep Maria Sert. They depict episodes from the life of St. Eulalia.

The church also contains several items of artistic value. One of them is the baptismal font that belonged to the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. Another one is the altar made of alabaster, which was brought from the monastery of Montserrat.

Parroquia de Sant Feliu de Llobregat

Parroquia de Sant Fèlix de Llobregat is a church in Barcelona belonging to the Parish of Sant Feliu de Lloberga. It is located at the end of Carrer de Sant Feliu de Lloberga, which runs along the western side of Plaça de Sant Feliu.

The church was built in the late 19th century. It is a Catalan neo-Gothic structure. The façade is decorated with statues of saints.

The interior is richly decorated. The main altarpiece depicts the Virgin Mary holding Jesus Christ on her lap. Other altars contain paintings depicting scenes from the lives of Saints Peter and Paul.

The church is also notable for housing the tomb of Antoni Gaudì i Cornet (1852 – 1926). He was the architect behind the Catedral de la Seu de Barcino and the Palau de Pedralbes.

Església Major de Sants Just i Pastor

Sants Just i Pastor is a significant church in Barcelona, Catalonia. It is part of the Diocese of Barcelona and the Archdiocese of Tarragona.

It is located between Carrer de Sant Jaume and Carrer de les Olles. The church is named after Saint John the Baptist.

The church was initially constructed as a parish church in 1622. In the mid-17th century, it became a convent.

The current building dates back to the early 20th century. It is Neo-Romanesque in design.

The church houses a significant collection of religious art. Among these works are two paintings by El Greco: The Adoration of the Magi and The Burial of Count Orgaz.

Other works include paintings by Francesc Ribalta, Ramon Casas, Vicente Carducho, and Joaquim Miró. There are sculptures by Josep Mestre Capdevila and Antoni Clavé.

The church also houses the tombs of the Marquis of Comillas and his wife.

Església del Rei Martiri Josep Oriol

El Rei Martiri Josep Òriol is a church in Barcelona’s El Raval district. It is named after Saint Joseph, whose feast day is celebrated every 19 March.

The church is dedicated to Saint Joseph, considered Spain’s patron saint. It is located at Carrer del Consell de Cent.

The architects Josep Pujol i Vives and Josep Llimona i Pons designed the church. Construction began in 1892 and ended in 1896.

The church is Neo-Baroque in style. Its façade has three portals. A statue of a saint tops each portal. On top of each portal is a niche containing a sculpture.

Inside the church are paintings by Joan Brossa, Antoni Marí, and Josep Masferrer.

The church also hosts the remains of Josep Oriol, the founder of the city of Barcelona. His body lies under the high altar. 

Església Verge del Pont

Verge del Pont is a church in Barcelona. It is located near the Port Olimpic metro station.

This amazing church was founded in 1785 and dedicated to Saint James the Great.

The gothic church contains many items of interest. They include a painting by Antoni Serra that shows the martyrdom of Saint James the Great. The Jesuits commissioned this work.

There is also a painting by Antoni Gaudí that depicts the Last Supper.

There is also a painting by Josep Maria Subirachs that portrays the life of Saint James the Great and Saint Thomas Aquinas.

The church also holds the relics of Saint Vincent Ferrer.

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